Point 01: Different Types of Photography
(I shall list out 10 types here. The rest, please refer to: http://www.mediacollege.com/photography/types/ )
- Adventure, Action - Photos of adventurous sports in action.
- Black & White - Photography without colour, allowing viewers to explore the shapes.
- Commercial - Photos used for advertising.
- Forensics - Photos used in police work, forensics analysis.
- Nature - Photos of nature: landscape, plants, animals, sea, fungi etc.
- Night - Photos taken during the night, but with good-quality.
- Scenic - Photos of landscapes, city views etc.
- Satellite - Photos taken of the Earth in orbit.
- Scientific - Photos used for scientific research, such as photos taken with a microscope.
- Underwater - Photos taken underwater, including marine life.
Point 02: Equipments
- Digital Darkroom
(Please read on more at http://www.outdoorphotographer.com/gear/accessories.html )
Point 3: Aperture
Aperture is a lens’ diaphragm opening inside the camera’s lens.
Point 4: Focus
Focus is a point at which rays of light or other radiation converge or from which they appear to diverge, as after refraction or reflection in an optical system.
Point 5: Shutter Speed
The shutter speed is the amount of time the shutter is open to take in the photo of the object(s) and the scene.
Point 6: ISO Speed
ISO stands for “International Standard Organization” and the speed of the ISO is a standard for measuring the film.
Point 7: Metering
Metering, or light metering, is the time that is needed to take the best shot of a moving light, like the sun.
Point 8: White Balance
White balance is the balance of the color of light in which photos are taken. (Like blue, orange, or green light is not accepted when its too dark (the colour, not the light)
Point 9: Photography Composition
Photographs tell stories. But photographs should also maintain a good composition balance (balance of the photographer when he/she is standing). And also to obseve a few rules:
- Rules of Thirds - to crop photos to focus on the main object, instead of the central view.
- The Golden Section - the objects which please the eyes, are made clearer.
- Diagonal Rule - the photo should be made diagonal to capture all the points in the photo.
Point 10: Techniques
Since there are literally millions of techniques so please refer to http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2009/04/22/the-ultimate-photography-round-up/ for more techniques.